The United States Response

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Sovereign Citizens: An Introduction for Law Enforcement 1 The U.S. Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Domestic Terrorism Operations Unit II, November 2010 Bulletin

Click to access sovereign-citizens-an-introduction-for-law-enforcement-2010.pdf

Sovereign Citizens: A Growing Domestic Threat to Law Enforcement 2 The U.S. Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Domestic Terrorism Operations Unit and Domestic Terrorism Analysis Unit, September 2011 Bulletin

Click to access sovereign-citizens_-a-growing-domestic-threat-to-law-enforcement-e28094-leb.pdf

Sovereign Citizens: A Clear and present danger 3 Patrol – Police Magazine September 21, 2012

Click to access sovereign-citizens_-a-clear-and-present-danger-patrol-police-magazine.pdf

Sovereign Citizens number one terrorist threat

The sovereign citizen movement is considered the top threat for domestic terrorism, according to a survey of state, local, and tribal law enforcement agencies. 4 conducted by the National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START)Understanding Law Enforcement Intelligence Processes

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Click to access start_understandinglawenforcementintelligenceprocesses_july2014.pdf

A Strategy for Local Law Enforcement Encountering the Sovereign Citizen Movement Information Sharing and Analysis Center North Carolina

Click to access officer-safety-a-strategy-for-local-law-enforcement-encountering-the-sovereign-citizen-movement.pdf

The Sovereign Citizen Movement: An Empirical Study on the Rise in Activity, Explanations of Growth, and Policy Prescriptions 6

Law enforcement officials have yet to determine how many Sovereigns are active in the United States, where they are concentrated, or whether the movement is gaining adherents. This thesis addresses the dearth of information on the Sovereign Citizens Movement. It relies on both quantitative and qualitative research, providing a detailed analysis of 548 court cases. The assessment of the group’s targets, related court vulnerabilities, and relevant statewide statistics can be harnessed into quality policy decisions. This work proves the increasing trend in Sovereign Citizen activities, exposes the gaps in the present literature and domestic terrorism policy, and provides recommendations for prescriptive policy changes across the spectrum of agencies responsible for countering domestic terrorist threats.

Click to access sovereign-citizen-movement-an-empirical-study-on-the-rise-in-activity-explanations-of-growth-and-policy-prescriptions.pdf

The US Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration Office of Investigation has since the 1990’s investigated various illegal activities that pose a direct threat to the Internal Revenue Service, such as fraudulent sight drafts, bogus liens, and other fictitious financial instruments created by sovereign citizens in an attempt to satisfy legitimate debts. This Fact Sheet explores their role in combating these financial crimes. 7

Click to access tigta_fact_sheet_sovereign_citizens.pdf

Sovereign Citizens Movement _ Southern Poverty Law Center

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Click to access sovereign-citizens-movement-_-southern-poverty-law-center.pdf

US Homeland Security says that Sovereign Citizens have also murdered 32 police officers. In Canada, the RCMP issues the “Terrorism and Violent Extreme Awareness Guide” of extremist groups and their characteristics in Canada, which lists the Freeman on the Land and Sovereign Citizen Movements. 9 In Australia, the New South Wales Police “Counter Terrorism and Special Tactics Command Assessment”  Detective Superintendent John O’Reilly is the commander of the Counter Terrorism and Special Tactics Operation Group for NSW Police estimates there are about 300 sovereign citizens in the state and their numbers are growing. 10

Sovereign Citizens – a 21st century counter-culture  11

Click to access sovereign-citizens-e28094-a-21st-century-counter-culture.pdf

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